Psychological Therapies

What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)?

CBT is a therapeutic approach which explores how a person’s thoughts can affect their behaviour and how they feel. Understanding how thoughts, behaviour and emotions can interact with each other can aid a person to make changes, both in the way they think about things and in the way they respond to them.

CBT is focussed on ‘here and now’ difficulties that are experienced in the present. However, CBT can also take into account how our past can shape our current thinking. A CBT practitioner takes a collaborative approach and clients may be asked to complete tasks between sessions. This type of therapeutic approach is most suitable for clients seeking short-term therapy.

What is Psychodynamic Therapy?

Psychodynamic therapy is a therapeutic approach which explores how the past can affect a person’s present ways of thinking/coping/relating with others in the world. The aim of psychodynamic therapy is to aid a client to gain insight and awareness into their unresolved issues which stem from their past experiences.

A psychodynamic practitioner usually adopts a non-directive stance and clients are encouraged to bring to the sessions whatever is relevant to them at that point. This type of therapy, in many cases, is most suitable for clients seeking long-term therapy (longer than six weeks).

What is Person-Centred Therapy?

Person-centred therapy is a therapeutic approach which aims to value a client’s experience in a non-judgemental and empathic way. A goal of person-centred therapy is to aid the client to reach their full potential.

Person-centred therapy neither specifically focuses on the past or present, instead it allows the client to turn the focus on what is important to them. A person-centred practitioner takes a non-directive role and clients are valued as the director and expert of their own experience. This type of therapy can be appropriate for both short-term and
long-term therapy.

What is Mindfulness?

The aim of mindfulness is to connect the mind to the present moment, paying attention to present thoughts, feelings and sensations, which may have been previously out of awareness. In doing so it moves the attention away from the past and future. Mindfulness can also be used as a way to approach everyday events and the more one practices grounding their mind in the present moment, the easier it becomes. Mindfulness comes from eastern philosophies and is rooted in meditation practices.

A practitioner of mindfulness would facilitate clients in their meditation, providing gentle and non-judgemental guidance. This type of therapeutic practice can be appropriate for both short-term and long-term therapy.

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